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Scanning Capacitance Microscopy (SCM)

Scanning Capacitance Microscopy (SCM) is a powerful imaging mode that allows researchers and engineers to directly visualize small variations and errors in both mask and implant alignment and dopant levels and to understand failures that arise from these issues.

The recently released SCM module for Asylum Research Cypher and Jupiter atomic force microscopes enables these same insights but offers significant advantages compared to previous generation designs, including higher sensitivity, higher resolution, faster imaging, and the ability to directly measure capacitance and not just differential capacitance (dC/dV). This application note describes:

  • How does SCM work?
  • Why does the Asylum SCM module deliver higher performance and unique capabilities?
  • Why is a direct measurement of capacitance is more useful than differential capacitance (dC/dV)
  • Examples on traditional semiconductor devices
  • Examples on materials not previously compatible with SCM, including those without a native oxide layer.
  • Quantum dots

The application note will be of interest to:

  • Process engineers and failure analysis engineers in the semiconductor industry
  • Scientists working with microelectronic devices and next-generation semi materials
  • Scientists working with other advanced materials, including 2D materials and energy storage materials
AFM SCM images of direct capacitance, fast scanned SCM, dopant staircase sample, and a carbon nanotube

(Top-left) Asylum's SCM module can directly measure capacitance, not just dC/dV. Here, we show a SRAM sample commonly used as a SCM test sample.

(Top-right) The SCM module can also capture images much faster than others. This image was scanned at 8 Hz, about 8-16× faster than typical SCM.

(Bottom-right) Unlike dC/dV amplitude data, the capacitance data is linearly correlated with dopant levels in this dopant staircase standard sample.

(Bottom-left) Higher sensitivity allows the Asylum SCM module to image samples beyond traditional semiconductors, here a carbon nanotube.

First Page of Preview of Low-Current STM PDF Download the Application Note