Bottom-up nanofabrication aims to create new materials and devices with tailored structure and functions by precise control of matter down to molecular or atomic levels. Such approaches are considered essential to support the continued miniaturization of electronics and data storage devices. 2D and low-D materials are promising materials to use as building blocks because of their unique properties. This application note describes how next-generation atomic force microscopes like the Asylum Research Cypher AFM are providing crucial characterization capabilities in this emerging field.
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